Antibiotics of Choice

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Antibiotics of Choice


1.Allergic broncho pulmonary aspergillosis- Steroid + Itraconazole

2.Acute Epiglottitis- Ceftriaxone

3.Amoebic Liver Abscess, Bacterial Vaginosis- Metronidazole

4.Anaerobic Organism- Metronidazole > Clindamycin

5.Angular Conjunctivitis- Oxytetracycline Ointment(1%)


antibiotics-of-choice


6.Animal Bite, Tonsillitis- Amoxiclav

7.Anthrax, Actinomycosis, Trench Mouth, Rat Bite Fever, Scarlet Fever, Lymphedema- Penicillin

8.Bacillary Angiomatosis, Campylobacter Jejuni, Chlamydia In Pregnancy, Legionnaires Disease- Erythromycin

9.Burkholderia Cepacia- Meropenem + Chloramphenicol

10.Candida Vaginitis- Fluconazole

11.Cat Scratch Disease (Bartonella Henslae), Cystitis- Ciprofloxacin

12.Cellulitis- Nafcillin > Oxacillin

13.Chlamydia Urethritis, Donovanosis, H. Ducreyi(Chancroid)- Azithromycin

14.Cholera:
Child- Cotrimoxazole,
Adult- Doxycycline,
Pregnancy- Furazolidone,
Prevention-Tetracycline
CMV Congenital- i.v. Ganciclovir

15.Condyloma Acuminata- Podophylline

16.Dermatophyte- Terbinafine + Amoralfine

17.Filamentous Fungus Corneal Ulcer- Natamycin

18.Gas Gangrene- Clindamycin + Penicillin

19.Genital Wart- Imiquimod

20.Gonococcal Urethritis- Cefixime/ i.v. Ceftriaxone + Doxycycline > Spectinomycin

21.HSV Congenital- Acyclovir

22.HSV Encephalitis- Acyclovir>Foscarnet

23.Hydatid Cyst, Neurocysticercosis- Albendazole

24.Impetigo- Dicloxacillin > Cephalexin

25.Inflammatory Diarrhoea- Fluoroquinolone

26.Dermatophytic Reaction, Onychomycosis- Terbinafine

27.Invasive Aspergillosis- Voriconazole

28.Kala Azar- Liposomal Amphotericin- B

29.Kerion- Oral Griseofulvin

30.Klebsiella Infection- Streptomycin > Tetracycline

31.Leprosy, Rhinosporidiosis- Dapsone

32.LGV(Chlamidia Trachomatis), Pleurodesis In Malignant Pleural Effusion- Doxycycline

33.Listeria Meningitis- Ampicillin

34.Lyme Disease- <8year: Amoxycillin, >8year: Doxycycline

35.MAC- Clarithromycin

36.Malaria:
Rx,Prevent,Pregnancy- Chloroquine
Severe,Chloroquine Resistant- Artesunate
Prevention In  Chloroquine Resistant Malaria <6wk- Doxycycline, >6wk- Mefloquine
MDR- Mefloquine

37.Malign Otitis Externa- Piperacillin

38.MRSA- Vancomycin(Parenteral)

39.Skin Infection- Clindamycin

40.Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, Tropical Sprue- Tetracycline

41.Naegleria Fowleri- Amphotericin-B + Rifampicin

42.N. Meningitidis Meningitis- Ceftriaxone (7days)

43.Necrotising Pancreatitis- Imipenem

44.Neurosyphillis- Procaine Penicillin

45.Nocardia- Sulfonamide

46.Non AIDS Cryptococcal Meningitis- Amphotericin- B

47.Pasturella Multocida- Penicillin G

48.Plague- Streptomycin

49.Meningitis,Pleuritis,Endophthalmitis,Myocarditis- Chloramphenicol, Prevention- Tetracycline

50.Pneumocystis Jiroveci, Whipple Disese- Cotrimoxazole

51.Pneumonia:
CAP, Atypical- Macrolide(Erythromycin) > Βlactam > Fluoroquinolone
CAP in Neonate- Ampicillin + Gentamicin
Staphylococcus Aureus- Vancomycin/Teicoplanin/Linezolid

52.Pseudomembranous Enterocolitis- Metronidazole > Vancomycin(Oral)

53.Pseudomonas- 3rd generation Cephalosporin

54.Scabies- 5%Permethrin, Nodular- 5%Permethrin+Steroid, Norvegian/Keratotic- Ivermectin

55.Sporotrichosis- Itraconazole, Cutaneous- Saturated Solution KI

56.Str. Pneum. Meningitis- Ceftriaxone + Vancomycin(14d)

57.Strongyloides, Onchocerca, Cutaneous Larva Migrans- Ivermectin

58.Syphilis- Benzathine Penicillin > Doxycycline

59.TB Chemoprophylaxis In Pregnancy- INH

60.TB Meningitis, Miliary TB, TB Pericardial Effusion, TB Addisons Disease- ATT + Steroid

61.Toxoplasmosis- Cotrimoxazole>Sulfapyridine>Pyrimethamine, Pregnancy- Spiramycin, Congenital- Sulphadiazine+Pyrimethamine

62.Traveller Diarrhoea- Azithromycin > Ciprofloxacin

63.Typhoid- Ciprofloxacin > Ceftriaxone

64.Typhus Encephalitis- i.v. Doxycycline > i.v. Azithromycin




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